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Archaeology: Decoding History Timeline

15th-16th Century

Benin Bronzes

The Benin Bronzes are pieces of artwork taken from Southern Nigeria by British forces at the end of the 19th Century. Many pieces are still held by the British Museum today. Who Owns the Past ActiveWorksheet
12th Century

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat is huge temple complex located in Cambodia. It is the largest religious monument in the world. Finding Sites ActiveWorksheet
196 BC

Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is a large stone tablet discovered in northern Egypt. It was carved in three languages, including Egyptian hieroglyphics. The stone was instrumental in deciphering the Egyptian language. Writing ActiveWorksheet
432 BC

Elgin Marbles - Parthenon

The Elgin Marbles are marble sculptures and statues taken from the Parthenon Temple in Athens, Greece, by the Earl of Elgin at the beginning of the 19th Century. The marbles are still on display at the British Museum despite the Greek government asking for their return. Who Owns the Past ActiveWorksheet
1500-1000 BC

Olmec Head

The Olmec heads are the huge monumental remains of the Olmec civilization, now part of modern-day Mexico. The stone heads could weigh between 6 and 50 tons. Monuments ActiveWorksheet
3300 BC

Otzi the Iceman

Otzi the Iceman was found frozen in the Ice in the Alps. His remains were incredibly well preserved, with the remains of his last meal still in his stomach, and tattoos on his fingers. Burial ActiveWorksheet
~8000-4000 BC

Mesopotamian Bulla

Bullae (bulla singular) were clay seals which contained small clay tokens. They are the first examples of a "receipt", as they were used to record transactions of things like livestock. Artefacts like bullae are some of the first examples of written and numerical record keeping. Artefacts ActiveWorksheet

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